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APA Style Resource Center (6th EDITION): In Text Citation

APA style of documenting and citing sources for college research, plus more.

Basic Format

Basic Format

(Last Name, Publication Year).

Lacking an Element

("No Author Put Title," Publication Year). - just the first 3-5 of title

(Last Name, n.d.). - n.d. for no date

Direct Quotes

(Last Name, Publication Year, p. #) - quote on a single page

(Last Name, Pubication Year, pp. #) - quote spans multiple pages

(Last Name, Publication Year, para. #) - paragraph when no page number is available

Signal Phrase

According to Allen (2014) the research guide was exceptional.

Allen (2014) stated "this research guide is great" (p. 3).

Personal Communication/Interview (not listed in reference page)

...(R. Allen, personal communication, April 3, 2018).

R. Allen (personal communication, April 3, 2018) stated...



More Than One Author